Figures in Canada
Colon cancer is the second most common type of cancer in Canada (after excluding Non-Melanomatous skin cancer). It is the second leading cause of death among Canadian male cancer patients and the third cause of death among Canadian women with cancer.
How can you detect the disease early?
According to the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, it is recommended to do
1- For adults 50-74 years old: Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) every two years OR Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 10 years.
2- For higher risk population (i.e. those with a family history of colon cancer, colorectal polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, or certain hereditary syndromes) the frequency and type of screening tests differ from the routine tests mentioned above.
What is the significance of early detection of colon cancer?
Early detected colon cancer can help people achieve a high cure rate and better quality of life than the late disease.
How can you protect yourself from having colon cancer?
There is no absolute way to prevent colon cancer. However, eating healthy food, rich in antioxidants, avoidance of highly saturated fats, farmed red meat and processed meats can definitely reduce your chance of getting colon cancer. Also, reducing inflammation in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis) can potentially reduce the incidence of colon cancer.