For the last decades, many oncologists and medical doctors worked hardly to raise the awareness among women to take measures that help them avoid Breast Cancer. Although it is not clearly understood what measures people can do to avoid completely the Breast Cancer, however, taking the precautionary measures can substantially reduce the incidence and or severity of the Breast Cancer. In this article, a Research highlighted the fact that Prevention of Breast Cancer is a possibility even not in an absolute terms, but in a relative way.
In this research, Kolak A et al (2017) concluded that, almost 70% of Malignant tumours and Cancers in general are caused by environmental factors. On the other hand, in the case of Breast Cancer, this ratio can be as high 90-95% . http://www.aaem.pl/Primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-breast-cancer,75943,0,2.htm
So, although there are a percentage of Breast Cancer Cases related to a genetic or inherited factors (such as BCRA 1 and 2 gene mutations), and this would be reflected on the strong family history of Breast Cancer among these patients, at the end they constitute as little as 5-10% of All Breast Cancer cases, which affirms the observation found in that research that almost 90-95% of Breast Cancer Cases were due to an exposure to an environmental or lifestyle factors that triggered the start of Breast Cancer among these patients.
The Lifestyle factors that can contribute to the incidence of Breast Cancer are many such as overweight and obesity that can be related to the eating habits and physical activity, Over many years of research there has been a strong relationship between overweight / obesity and not only the higher incidence of breast cancer, but also the poorer prognosis among overweight breast cancer patients. This can be explained partially by the fact that an excess body fats can contribute to an excess estrogen hormone which can trigger the Breast Cancer start and even progression. Among other reasons for the higher incidence of Breast Cancer among obese and overweight patients, is the fact that, fatty tissue also tends to retain environmental toxins such as the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDDs/PCDFs),these toxins when released from the fat stores can be a potential source of carcinogenesis or cancer cell activation.
Among the other factors is the Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) which has been used for the last few decades to mitigate the menopausal signs and symptoms such as hot flushes , flashes and fatigue, and although they can successfully improve these symptoms , recent research found that the use of Hormone Replacement Therapy can increase the risk of Breast Cancer by as high as 75% https://www.breastcancer.org/risk/factors/hrt
Role of Naturopathic Medicine
There is a lot Naturopathic Medicine can offer to reduce or prevent the risk factors that may lead to the development of Breast Cancer. Some of these means are guiding people to the best lifestyle changes that can help them avoid the risk of Breast Cancer, working on their Immune System making it healthier and also guiding people to the best methods of primary and secondary prevention of Breast Cancer.
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